BACK: Short for backstroke. A swimmer must remain on his/her back during the race, never turning over more than 90 degrees to one side or the other, except on turns.
BLOCKS: The platforms on which a swimmer stands and pushes off to start each race.
BREASTSTROKE: Sometimes shortened to breast. In this stroke, both arms and legs move together. One complete stroke and one complete kick underwater are permitted on the start and on turns. A two handed touch is required on turns and finishes. This is the hardest stroke to swim legally due to the many nuances in technique.
Indicates a swimmer has committed some infraction of the rules of the
start, turn or stroke of the event being swum. No points are scored,
nor is a time recorded for that swimmer for that event.
EVENT: Event is a race or
series of races that is defined by the stroke, distance, and
gender/age. e.g. Boys 13-14 50 meter butterfly.
EXHIBITION: The NSSL permits
only 3 regulation swimmers per event from each team. All other swimmers
are entered as exhibition. Although exhibition swimmers cannot earn
points regardless of time or finish, times are recorded. Some teams do
award exhibition ribbons to top three finishers among all exhibition
FLY: Nickname for butterfly. Butterfly is swum with arms moving together in synchronization with both legs. The kick is similar to the flutter kick, but both feet are together and move up and down together. The hands or feet may never move separately from the other. A two handed touch is required on turns and finish.
FREE: Short for freestyle. Free style is the American Crawl or any other stroke a swimmer wishes to swim. In medley events, free is any other stroke than back, breast or fly.
HEATS: These are groups of swimmers all competing in the same event. Example: There are 12 swimmers entered in the same event with only 6 lanes to swim in. There will be two heats of 6 swimmers each, one regulation and one exhibition. Time determines place among regulation swimmers. Only regulation swimmers can earn points.
INDIVIDUAL MEDLEY (I.M.): One swimmer swims a minimum of one length of each of the following strokes in this order: butterfly, back, breast and free.
LANE: The lanes are the divided sections of the pool designated 1 through 6 or 8 in which the swimmer swims his/her race or practice.
LANE SLIP: A slip of paper which identifies the swimmer, his lane, heat and event number.
NSSL: The Northern Suburban Swim League - The league in which the GATORS compete.